"More than ever, art and culture are means of social cohesion and citizenship"

30 March 2021


José Carlos Mariategui, CIMAM member, and Curator, Alta Tecnología Andina, Lima, Perú.

  • More than ever, art and culture are means of social cohesion and citizenship.
  • In Peru most publicly funded museums our archaeological and art museums are mostly privately managed though they are usually based on public premises, such as the Lima Art Museum (MALI).
  • Since the lockdown and the pandemic began in Lima there was no commitment and no real effort from the government and the Ministry of Culture to help the museums apart from the ones that are being managed by the ministry.
  • Many of us were in touch with the authorities of the Ministry of Culture and we were able to secure around $15,000,000 USD of funding for the arts and culture. However, this funding did not help the daily running of museums. They were mostly for specific creative projects on some implementations that had been disrupted due to the pandemic. That meant that 85% of the museums in Peru that are not funded by the Ministry of Culture were in serious trouble.
  • In Peru it is not common to have associations or institutional groups that can give collective positions. The Peruvian Association of Curators legitimised our position with data and solid information. However, the funding for museums during the emergency never happened and therefore most museums are in a terrible economic situation.
  • Some museums we're in touch with had the idea of writing a letter to the minister of culture and talking with him about the problems museums were facing. Unfortunately, in those meetings, we were not able to secure any financial support. However, we realized that it was not efficient to continue working by ourselves and that there was a need to create a Peruvian Association of Museums. In order to do so in the best possible way we studied the data of the 450 museums in Peru and invited the most representative ones to start the Association with the intention of inviting the other museums in a second phase.
  • The Peruvian Association of Museums aims to have a collective voice with both the government as well as other institutions and to push forward best practices for all museums in Peru.

Why should museums remain open and operational?

In 2020, museums and collections all over the world were deeply affected by the COVID-19 pandemic; consequently, many public-facing institutions were required to take a position on their operations. The Museum Watch Committee saw the extent to which museums played a specific role in the discussions on COVID-related lockdown measures within wider fields such as arts and culture, entertainment, and leisure.

To monitor the roles and positions of institutions internationally, the Museum Watch Committee asked CIMAM members to identify the main arguments used worldwide to keep museums open and operational in these difficult times. It launched this project in November 2020.

This call to action activated contemporary art professionals worldwide, spanning Argentina, Australia, Belgium, India, Italy, Peru, Russia, Singapore, Spain, and the United States. They presented their main arguments to keep their museums open or reopen them soon and shared their experiences from the pandemic.

→ Read the examples and ideas submitted by CIMAM Members from Argentina, Australia, Belgium, India, Italy, Peru, Russia, Singapore, Spain, USA.

The below conclusions and examples aim to encourage and inspire modern and contemporary art museum professionals worldwide to keep their museums operational.


The scale of exhibition spaces, temperature, and air controls, as well as crowd management, make museums some of the safest public spaces. Museums have established very clear protocols and guidelines to enable both staff and visitors to remain safe in the museum and workspace.


Art and culture are essential to our individual and collective well-being. They offer one of the most positive ways of engaging with complexity and uncertainty in these difficult times. Museums contribute by engaging with and supporting the emotional and intellectual health and growth of citizens. They offer much-needed contact with the material, the physical, and the real, in a safe environment.


Museums support thousands of jobs and should be seen as drivers for economic recovery in the cities and countries where they are situated. Each museum is encouraged to demonstrate the number of jobs that it sustains in its city.


Museums are advised to come together with other museums and cultural institutions in their city. To have a common position and voice. To get stronger and stand collectively to push forward their petition. During the pandemic, many museums and cultural associations have worked closely with one another for the betterment of cultural sectors as a whole.


Without access to physical spaces, museums have seen an increase in the digitalization of their programs and activities. Either for survival or as an opportunity, museums have taken advantage of technology to upgrade their online presence and build new online audiences from all over the world. While many museums have seen their international visitor numbers reduced, they are now focused on engaging and attracting new local audiences.


Whether or not the government supports arts and culture, it is of key importance to maintaining an open dialogue. Museums should keep insisting on their significance to society at large, leveraging on arguments for why they are crucial spaces for citizenship and economic recovery.